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Handley Page Hampden Mk I AE193 ZN-A. by M A Kinnear.- Cranston Fine Arts Aviation, Military and Naval Art
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Handley Page Hampden Mk I AE193 ZN-A. by M A Kinnear.

Handley Page Hampden Mk I AE193 ZN-A. by M A Kinnear.

Aircraft History: First Operation with 106 was a raid on the Nazi HQ at Aachen on 9/10th July 1941 with Fl Lt Stenner at the controls. Wg Cdr R S Allen, DFC, piloted this aircraft on 24th July 1941. The target was the German ship Gneisenau which was berthed at Brest. AE193s final operation with 106 was on the night of 28th/29th August 1941, with Sgt E R Lyon as pilot. Whilst returning from Duisburg, both the aircrafts engines cut out, and the crew were forced to ditch the aircraft in the North Sea. All four crew got into the dinghy and were rescued (after four days and nights at sea) by a Dutch fishing boat, and became prisoners of War.

Wing Commander Robert S Allen DSO, DFC: Born in Manchester in 1914, Robert Allen was educated at Westfield High School, Manchester and HMS Conway ( a training ship anchored in the River Mersey off Rock Ferry, Cheshire) and joined the RAF as a pupil pilot in 1935. He was promoted to squadron leader in 1939. During June 1940 whilst en-route to bomb a target, he observed an He III and despite bad weather conditions and intense darkness he manoeuvred his aircraft to enable Sergeant Williams (WOP/AG) to fire at the enemy aircraft and shoot it down. Soon after the same tactics were employed against a Ju87 with the same result. Squadron Leader Allen then continued to his objective and bombed the target successfully. He was flying Hampdens with No.49 Squadron at the time, and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) for this action. The award of the bar to his DFC followed in October 1940 while still with No.49 squadron. Following promotion to Wing Commander, he then went to No.106 Squadron at RAF Coningsby and on 24th July 1941, whilst flying AE193 Wing Commander Allen led a daylight attack through heavy anti aircraft fire and fighter opposition against the German battle cruiser Gneisenau, which was in dry dock at Brest. For his leadership on this operation he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) After leaving No.106 squadron, he served on the Air Staff Mission in China between 8th July 1943 - mid August 1945. On 13th February 1945 he was awarded the Cloud and Banner decoration (Special Rosette) and ward confirmed by the President of the Nationalist Government of China. After leaving the RAF, he became a publican. He died in 1982
Item Code : AP0011Handley Page Hampden Mk I AE193 ZN-A. by M A Kinnear. - This EditionAdd any two items on this offer to your basket, and the lower priced item will be half price in the checkout! Buy 1 Get 1 Half Price!
PRINT Open edition print.

Image size 16.5 inches x 11.5 inches (42cm x 30cm)none£14.00

All prices on our website are displayed in British Pounds Sterling

Extra Details : Handley Page Hampden Mk I AE193 ZN-A. by M A Kinnear.
About all editions :

106 Squadron was formed 30th September 1917 at Andover, and served in Ireland on Army co-operation duties from May 1918 until disbandment in 1919. Re-formed in June 1938, the squadron was equipped with Hawker Hinds, and later Fairey Battles and from May 1939 until March 1942 was equipped with the Handley Page Hampden. The first operational WWII sortie, on the night of 9/10th September 1940 was mine laying in the Bordeaux area and the first bombing sortie was on the night of 1st/2nd March 1941 against Cologne. From February 1942 until June the same year 106 was equipped with the Avro Manchester. Following this short spell, the squadron was re-equipped with the Avro Lancaster. Although they used both Lancasters and Manchesters on all three 1,000 bomber raids (Cologne 30th/31st May 1942, Essen 1st/2nd June 1942, and Bremen 25/26th June 1942) - the third one against Bremen was the last one when the Manchesters were used. In October 1942, 106 contributed 10 Lancasters to 5 Groups epic low level daylight raid against the Schneider Works at Le Creusot, and 2 Lancasters (one of which was piloted by Wing Commander Guy Gibson CO of 106) to the subsidiary raid on the transformer and switching station at Montchanin. In 1943, they took part in the first shuttle-bombing raids (target Friedrichshafen), and the famous Peenemunde raid. During what was to become known as the Battle of Berlin (November 1943- March 1944) 106 dispatched 281 Lancasters on 20 raids, with the loss of eight aircraft. In 1944, 106 helped prepare the way for the invasion of Europe by hitting targets such as a Coastal Gun Battery at St Pierre du Mont and V-1 storage sites. In December 1944, 106 made a round trip of over 1,900 miles to attack the German Baltic Fleet at Gdynia. In March 1945, the squadron provided air support (against the defences of Wesel) for Commandos crossing the Rhine. Their last bombing sortie was on 25/26th April 1945 against the oil refinery at Vallo, Norway and 106 Squadron finally disbanded February 1946.

The Aircraft :
HampdenThe Handley Page HP.52 Hampden was a twin-engine medium bomber built for the Royal Air Force and was used by Bomber Command in the early years of world war two. Along with the other medium bombers the Whitley and Wellington, the Hampden bore the brunt of the early bombing war over Europe, taking part in the first night raid on Berlin and the first 1,000-plane raid on Cologne. The newest of the three medium bombers, the Hampden was known as the Flying Suitcase because of its cramped crew conditions. A total of 226 Hampdens were in service with eight Royal Air Force squadrons by the start of the Second World War. Despite its speed and agility, in operational use the Hampden was no match for the fighters of the Luftwaffe (ME109 and FW 190) and the Hampdens role as a day bomber was brief, but Hampdens continued to operate at night on bombing raids over Germany and in mine laying (code-named gardening) in the North Sea. Almost half of the Hampdens built – 714, were lost on operations, witht he loss of 1,077 crew killed and another 739 missing. German flak accounted for 108; with one Hampden being lost due to German Barrage balloons; 263 Hampdens crashed due to a variety of causes, and 214 others were classed as missing. Luftwaffe pilots claimed 128 Hampdens, shooting down 92 at night. The Hampden soon became obsolete for its roll as a medium modern bomber, after operating mainly at night, it was retired from Bomber Command service in late 1942. but continued with Coastal Command throughout 1943 as a long-range Torpedo Bomber (the Hampden TB Mk I which carried the Mk XII torpedo in an open bomb-bay and a single 500 lb (230 kg) bomb under each wing) The Hampden was also used by the Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal New Zealand Air Force.

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